Metronidazole

Definition
Metrogyl/Flagyl
Antibiotic
Antiprotozoal

Indications
Used alone or in combination with other antibiotics to treat pelvic inflammatory disease, and bacterial  vaginosis
Dracunculiasis
Giardiasis
Trichomoniasis
Amoebiasis
Clostridium difficile colitis
Aspiration pneumonia
Bacteroides infection
Fusobacterium
Clostridium
Peptostreptococcus
Helicobacter pylori

Caution
Should not be used in early pregnancy
Safe in later pregnancy
Not to be used while breast feeding

Method of administration
Oral
IV
Topical cream

Side Effects
Nausea
Metallic taste in the mouth
Loss of appetite
Headaches

Mechanism of Action
Acts as an agonist at the µ opioid receptor


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