Blood and Blood Components used in Blood Transfusion
Whole blood : is transfused in the treatment of acute massive hemorrhage or hypovolemic shock due to hemorrhage, exchange transfusion for Severe anaemia at birth and severe hyperbilirubinaemia, during cardiovascular bypass surgery
Fresh Blood = < 5 days
Stored at 2-4° C
Red cell Concentrates, Platelet Concentrates, Granulocyte Concentrates
Packed Red Cells (Packed Cells)
The red cells are separated from the whole blood by centrifugation or sedimentation. Platets andMost of the plasma are removed. The packed cells are used in severe anemia, Thalassemia and Sickle cell disease, Preoperatively or postoperatively, in acute blood loss and in the presence of CCF
Frozen Red Cells
The red cells are separated and frozen. The frozen cells are administered to patients with rare blood group.
The transfusion of white cells is indicated in patients of granulocytopenia
Plasma is separated from the whole bloodby centrifugation. Then the plasma is slowly centrifuged to separate platelets. The platelets are administered to patients with thrombocytopenia.