What is a balanced diet? describe the rationale behind the formulation of the balanced diet. Name the physiological periods when additional allowances are to be made while formulating a balanced diet with ephasis on the components that are to be considered. Name any two special diets that are ordered by the attending physicians in an admitted patient.
What do you understand by the term pH? Give the normal reference limits for a) Blood b) Urine. Name the laboratory tests that are routinely carried out in wards for any suspected abnormality in acid-base balance with the precautions to be taken while collecting specimens for such tests.
Short Essays (Answer any four)
Tests for bile salts and bile pigments in urine
Hemolysis in the blood specimen and its effect on test results