Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka
First Year B.Sc. (Nursing)
Degree Examination- September / October 2008

Physiology & Biochemistry
Q.P. Codes 1677  and 1678
Revised Scheme

(Note : Both QP Codes 1677  and 1678 are to be answered within total of 3 hours)

Q.P. Code 1677 - Section A - Physiology    (40 Marks)

Your answer shall be specific to the question asked
Draw neat and labelled diagrams wherever necessary.

Long Essay (Answer any one)

  1. What are the different types  of blood groups present in the human beings? What is the basis of blood grouping and what are the complications of mismatched blood transfusion and whar are the precautions we must take before blood transfusion?
  2. Mention the different parts of Gastro intestinal tract with the help of a diagram and briefly explain their functions

Short Essays (Answer any three)
  1. Mention any four hormones produced by the anterior pituitary gland and mention its actions
  2. Whar are the different methods of artificial respiration, explain any one of them
  3. What are the different parts of a neuron, show it by a neat diagram. What is meant by saltatory conduction of nerve impulse
  4. Define blood pressure. What is the normal plood pressure? What is the danger of high blood pressure  and low blood ppressure?
  5. mention the different refractive errors of the eye and explain any one of them with a diagram.

Short Answers
  1. What is cyanosis and jaundice?
  2. what is thenormal body temperature and mention any one condition that decreases body temperature.
  3. What is meant by active transport and passive transport across the cell membrane
  4. Name the muscle proteins
  5. What is meant by ovulation? Which is the hormone responsible for ovulation?

Q.P. Code : 1678 - Section B - Biochemistry    (40 Marks)
Use separate answer book                                                                                       1 x 10 = 10 Marks        

Long Essay (Answer any one)
  1. Outline the  important funcctions of vitamin B6. Give their clinical  importance
  2. What is β oxidation ? describe the steps. give the energetics for the oxidation of  palmitic acid.

Short Essays (Answer any four)
  1. What is phenyletonuria? Give its manifestations and tests for diagnosisl
  2. Outline the importance of the HMP shunt pathway.
  3. Give the degradation of glycogen and its regulation
  4. Metabolic acidosis
  5. Name the  ketone bodies.  Give their formation and fate.

Short answers
  1. Name the catecholamines, and the aminoacid from which they are synthesized.
  2. Give two enzymes used clinically for hepatic disease.
  3. Beri-Beri is caused by what deficiency? Give its daily requirement.
  4. Name two basic amino acids and two unsaturated fatty acids.
  5. Tests for the detection of ketone bodies in urine.

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